Les prix ne comprennent ni les taxes locales ni les frais de douane. Des questions? Non, actuellement pas. Nous serons heureux de vous aider. Bombich Software, Inc. La licence en volume est accessible pour tout achat de cinq licences de Carbon Copy Cloner ou plus. Pour en savoir plus sur la licence en volume de Bombich Software, consultez le contrat de maintenance et licence en volume.
Maintenance du logiciel Les licences en volume proposent une option de maintenance du logiciel. Pour plus d'informations, consultez les conditions de maintenance de Carbon Copy Cloner. Politiques d'achat Pour obtenir des informations sur nos politiques d'achat, consultez la section Politiques et FAQ d'achat. Le reste est automatique. You're all set! Cliquez sur Enregistrer.
Comment obtenir mes informations d'enregistrement? Lorsque je clique sur le lien pour appliquer mes informations d'enregistrement, mon navigateur signale qu'il est impossible d'ouvrir l'URL. Comment enregistrer CCC en un clic? Comment saisir manuellement un code d'enregistrement de CCC? Comment puis-je obtenir de l'aide?
Si vous n'avez pas saisi correctement votre adresse ou votre nom attention aux majuscules! Merci de nous envoyer une demande d'assistance pour l'enregistrement. Nous la traiterons le plus rapidement possible. Comment puis-je obtenir de l'aide pour mon enregistrement?
Il vous suffit de nous contacter via le formulaire de demande d'assistance pour l'enregistrement. Nous traiterons votre demande le plus rapidement possible. Pour utiliser les informations d'enregistrement sur un autre ordinateur, faites glisser le lien d'enregistrement de CCC sur votre bureau, puis ouvrez le fichier d'URL sur un autre Mac. If you're getting a message about a trial and you have already purchased CCC, or if you have any other questions or concerns about your registration, you can retrieve your registration code here.
Votre nom, adresse e-mail ou code d'enregistrement ne sont pas identiques aux informations fournies lors de l'achat. Enregistrement en un clic Vous en avez assez d'essayer de tout faire correspondre? Dans l'e-mail d'enregistrement, cliquez sur Apply Settings pour saisir automatiquement vos informations. Si votre Mac a suffisamment de place pour accueillir d'autres disques durs internes, vous pouvez utiliser cet espace pour le disque dur de sauvegarde. Autre avantage : vous pouvez profiter de ce disque dur pour sauvegarder plusieurs Mac. Cliquez sur Partitionner.
Ne pas utiliser Time Machine Cliquez sur Ne pas utiliser. Comment tout restaurer? Cette fonction est par exemple utile si vous voyagez avec votre ordinateur portable, mais sans votre disque de sauvegarde. Il s'agit des fichiers et dossiers uniques au niveau racine de la destination.
CCC affiche un indicateur de niveau audessus des chiffres d'utilisation du disque. Il est possible par la suite de restaurer cette archive sur un autre volume Recovery HD. Le volume Recovery HD fait environ Mo. Pourquoi cela ne fonctionne-t-il pas dans CCC 4? Choisissez la source. Choisissez la destination. Cliquez sur Cloner. Comment planifier cette sauvegarde? Pour obtenir d'autres options, choisissez Mode standard dans le menu Carbon Copy Cloner pour retourner au mode en question.
At the top is a toolbar, and beneath that there is a split pane divided vertically. The view on the left is called the sidebar, the view on the right holds the task configuration view. When you open CCC for the first time, the sidebar is hidden. The sidebar is automatically revealed when you add a new task. The sidebar is split horizontally. The top half contains a table of backup tasks, the bottom half lists locally-attached volumes on your Mac. When you select a task in the task list, the details of that task are presented in the right pane of the window.
Likewise, if you select a volume from the list in the bottom of the sidebar, the details of that volume are presented in the right pane. CCC requires that you save any changes you have made to a task before selecting another task or a volume, so if you switch away from a task that is currently being edited, you will be prompted to save unsaved changes, revert the task to its on-disk state, or cancel the event that would have changed the task selection.
If you prefer to leave this setting enabled, we recommend that you hide CCC's sidebar to avoid navigation challenges. You can use CCC's View menu to select tasks and volumes in other words, the contents of the View menu completely replaces the need for the sidebar. With Quick Nav enabled to enable it, simultaneously press the left and right arrow keys , you can also navigate through noncontrol user interface elements, such as labels, scroll views and split view dividers.
Largely this is quite intuitive, however there is one place where the order of elements as interpreted by the window is not very intuitive. This is only applicable when the sidebar is revealed -- if the sidebar is hidden, focus goes to the source selector, and the following is irrelevant. Upon launch, CCC places focus on the tasks table. The task configuration view lies to the right of the tasks table, so you would think that you could use the right arrow key to move focus to the task configuration view.
However, the tasks configuration view is ordered in front of the tasks table, so you must use the left arrow key to get from the tasks table to the task configuration view. Alternatively, use the Tab key. Simple Mode CCC 4. For users that desire a basic ad hoc clone from one volume to another, this simplified interface is the perfect solution. Editing the name of a task 1. The text will now be editable and you can use standard VoiceOver text editing commands to position the cursor and edit the text.
Press the Return key when finished editing the task name. Ouvrez Carbon Copy Cloner. Une image disque est un fichier unique contenant le contenu d'un autre disque dur. Si la copie d'un fichier de Mo dure plus d'une minute, votre connexion est trop lente dans la pratique d'une sauvegarde. Les instructions fournies ci-dessus concernent la sauvegarde dans une image disque pour vous permettre d'obtenir les meilleures performances possibles.
Select a source volume Click on the Source selector button, then choose the volume that you want to copy files from. Click the Clone button Click the Clone button to copy files right away, or click the Scheduler selector to configure the task to run on a regular basis. Sometimes, though, it's not that easy. Suppose, for example, that you have inadvertently deleted all of your Safari bookmarks. The Safari Bookmarks file is stored in a hidden folder within your home directory, and the fact that this folder, and the folder on the backup volume are both hidden makes accessing that file in the Finder quite difficult.
The steps below demonstrate how to restore this item from your Carbon Copy Cloner backup volume. Quit Safari Before you restore any files that are referenced by a particular application, you should quit that application first. You can delete the task when you're done. Choose "Selected Files Deselect everything By default, everything in the file list will have a checkmark next to it indicating that it should be copied.
Click the box next to the top-most item "Backup" in the screenshot below to deselect everything. The "Library" folder is hidden in the Finder, but CCC makes it visible here so you can restore items from it. When you select your startup disk as the destination, CCC will produce a stern warning about restoring files to the startup disk. To prevent accidentally restoring system files to an active startup disk, CCC will explicitly exclude system files from this restore task.
In this case, we can ignore the dialog because we already excluded everything except for the single file. Click the Clone button This restore task will go really quickly, and when it's done you can open Safari to verify that your bookmarks have been restored. Select your source folder and click OK. Note that this path may be truncated but if you mouse over it, individual items will be expanded. You may choose to clone All files, the default, or choose to exclude selected files by using the Clone menu. CCC also supports drag and drop selection, so we'll demonstrate that here.
Once you have selected the destination folder, the Destination box should have a folder icon in it with the path displayed beneath it. You may choose to leave SafetyNet on or turn it off. Click Done when you have finished. Save and clone Once you have your source, destination and schedule complete, click on Save in the bottom righthand corner.
This will save the task and you can find it in the tasks area on the left sidebar. You may click the Clone button to run the backup manually, or let it run on a schedule. Attendez environ 30 secondes. Si vous avez plusieurs ports USB, essayez chacun d'entre eux. Si vous utilisez un utilitaire externe pour modifier le logiciel OS X p. Dans le menu Aller du Finder, choisissez Aller au dossier… 4. Recherchez les messages d'erreur, signalements de blocages, etc. Hands Off! In some cases, antivirus applications can even affect the modification date of files that CCC has copied, which will cause CCC to recopy those files every time as if they have substantively changed.
In another case, we have seen such software create massive cache files on the startup disk during a backup, so much so that the startup disk became full. We recommend that you temporarily disable security software installed on your Mac e. If CCC reports that antivirus software may be interfering with your backup task, here are some troubleshooting steps that you can take to resolve the problem: 1. Determine whether the files in question are being quarantined by your antivirus software. Perform a system scan with your antivirus software and address any issues that are reported.
Please refer to the Help documentation associated with your antivirus product for more information. If the problem persists, try running your backup task with the antivirus software temporarily disabled. If the antivrus software's behavior cannot be resolved, you may be able to workaround the problem with an advanced setting. Select your task in CCC's main application window, then: 1. Click the "Use Advanced Settings" button.
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Open the "Troubleshooting Options" disclosure triangle. Check the "Don't update newer files on the destination" box. Save your task. If these steps do not address the issue, or if you do not have antivirus software installed, please open a support request and we'll do our best to help you resolve the problem. CCC cannot proceed with confidence in having correctly identified the volume you originally chose when you configured this backup task.
Unmount one of the conflicting volumes and try the task again, or please choose "Ask a question" from CCC's Help menu to get help resolving the issue. Most modern operating systems apply a universally unique identifier to a new volume when you format that volume e. Volumes should never have the same identifier, these identifiers are called "universally unique" because they're supposed to be unique, universally!
The chances of two volumes having the same UUID should, then, be slim enough that the UUID can be reliably used to positively identify the source and destination volumes. As a result, this situation can arise if you own and attach two "factory fresh" Iomega hard drives to your computer. Solution Reformatting one of the affected volumes will resolve the problem, however there is a nondestructive solution: 1. Quit CCC if it is open 2. When prompted, select one of the volumes that was identified as having a non-unique unique identifier 5.
These problems are ultimately caused by problems with the LaunchServices database, which is an issue outside of the scope of the backup process. There are two things that you can do to address the problem: Disable Spotlight on the destination volume Disabling Spotlight indexing on the destination volume should prevent new additions being made to the LaunchServices database that reference the destination. Open the Spotlight preference pane, click on the Privacy tab, then drag your destination volume into the privacy tab. Check whether applications still open by default from the destination volume, because this step may be enough to address the issue.
Configure CCC to eject the destination volume at the end of the backup task With an advanced setting, you can configure CCC to unmount the destination when CCC has finished copying files to it. By keeping the destination volume unmounted, Finder and App Store will be unable to find applications on that volume.
You'll save wear and tear on that hard drive by keeping it spun down as well. Reset the LaunchServices database If applications still open from the destination volume, you can use this Reset LaunchServices Register application to reset the LaunchServices database, then restart your Mac.
To avoid waiting indefinitely for a filesystem to start responding again, Carbon Copy Cloner has a "watchdog" mechanism that it uses to determine if its file copying utility has encountered such a stall. By default, CCC imposes a ten minute timeout on this utility. If ten minutes pass without hearing from the file copying utility, CCC will collect some diagnostics information, then stop the backup task.
Our support team can analyze this diagnostic information to determine what led to the stall. Common factors that lead to stalls Hardware problems are the most common cause of a stall. There are a few other factors that can lead to a stall, though, depending on how the backup task is configured: Filesystem corruption or media problems on the source or destination can prevent that filesystem from providing a file or folder's filesystem entry A firmware problem in an external hard drive enclosure can cause that device to stop responding File sharing service errors can lead a network volume to become unresponsive Access to a network volume via a wireless connection may become slow enough that the volume stops responding Excessive bandwidth competition can cause a volume to appear unresponsive, though it may just be responding very slowly Troubleshooting suggestions The first thing you should do if a task ends with this result is to reboot your Mac and run the task again.
In many cases, an unresponsive filesystem is a transient problem, and the simple act of restarting will get the volume remounted in a better state. If the problem recurs, please choose Report a problem from CCC's Help menu and our support team can offer more specific troubleshooting suggestions.
Below is a list of some of the troubleshooting suggestions we may offer depending on how your task is configured. Use Disk Utility's "Verify disk" tool to check for any filesystem problems on the source volume. Please note: A report of "No problems found" from Disk Utility does not mean that there are no problems with that volume. There are no hardware diagnostic utilities on the market that will inform you of a problem with a cable, port, or enclosure, or report a bug in the firmware of a hard drive or SSD.
Exclude a file or folder from the backup task. Select Selected files Remove a corrupted item from the destination volume. Erase the destination volume we make this recommendation sparingly, and only when the stall can be definitively blamed on a filesystem problem on the destination. Disable Spotlight on the destination volume to reduce bandwidth competition. This only affects the destination volume, and it's reversible, you can remove it from that list should you decide that you want to re-enable indexing. If the stalling volume is a network volume, connect your Mac and the host of the network volume to the network via a wired connection i.
If the stalling volume is a network volume, eject that volume in the Finder, then remount the volume using a different file sharing protocol. Analysis of the problem indicates that there is a performance issue while reading extended attributes from files on the NAS volume e. We have identified a couple workarounds that can avoid the performance problem.
Eject the network volume in the Finder Our first recommendation is to eject your network shares in the Finder, then run your task again. We have run several tests and positively identified an issue in which the Finder will make repeated and ceaseless access attempts to the items of a folder on your network share if you simply open the network volume in the Finder. This persists even after closing the window. This is a Finder bug, and it exists in both Mavericks and Yosemite.
If you eject the network volume s , then run your CCC backup tasks, CCC will mount the network volume privately such that it is not browseable in the Finder. Disable support for extended attributes If the stall persists despite trying the first workaround, you can try dropping the extended attributes from the source.
While it is our preference to preserve extended attributes, Apple considers extended attributes to be "disposable" because some filesystems cannot support them. Open CCC and select your backup task Click the "Use advanced settings" button at the bottom of the window Scroll down in the window and click the disclosure triangle next to "Troubleshooting" Check the box next to "Don't preserve extended attributes" Save and run the task If a performance problem persists after that, please report the problem via CCC's Help menu.
Older versions of Carbon Copy Cloner frequently steered users towards the log file to find more information about task activity, errors, etc. If there's something specific that you're retrieving from the log that is not presented in the Task History window, please let us know. We'd prefer to consider exposing that information in the Task History window so you don't have to dig through the log. Also, note that basic details of task history are exposed in CCC's command-line utility, so that may be an easier way to get the information.
Where can I find a list of every file that CCC has copied? CCC does not retain that information for each backup task. If you're concerned that CCC is copying too many or too few files, please contact us for assistance. How do I get help? Occasionally this annoying message comes up when you're trying to eject your destination volume.
If CCC is currently using that volume as a source or destination, then CCC will effectively prevent it from being unmounted gracefully. If your backup task isn't running, though, CCC isn't preventing the volume from being unmounted. But what application is? If this occurs within a minute or so after the backup task completes, it's probably caused by OS X's "kextcache" utility — that utility rebuilds a cache file on the destination that is required for startup. That usually finishes after a minute or two, and usually the destination can be ejected after that.
If this turns out to be the case, you can ask CCC to unmount the destination after the backup task completes. CCC will wait for kextcache to finish, resulting in a more reliable and automated! Open CCC and select your backup task 2. Click the Use Advanced Settings button at the bottom of the window 3. Choose the option to unmount the destination volume after the backup task completes 4. Save and run your backup task If the disk cannot be unmounted several minutes after the backup task has completed, or if CCC is also unable to eject the destination, use the Console application to track down the culprit.
Click on system. We have received numerous reports showing the same culprit since El Capitan was introduced. To resolve the conflict caused by Spotlight, you can disable Spotlight on the destination volume: 1. Open the Spotlight preference pane 2. Click on the Privacy tab 3. Drag the backup volume into the Privacy table Disabling Spotlight in this manner only affects the destination volume, and it's reversible — you can remove your destination volume from that list should you decide that you want to re-enable indexing.
Remove any duplicate keychain entries in the Keychain Access application Sometimes references to the keychain files on your backup volume can show up in the Keychain Access application. As a result, any application that leverages Keychain Services e. Safari will maintain a open file handle on the keychains on your backup disk, thus preventing that disk from unmounting. If you see duplicates, hover your mouse over those item until a tooltip appears revealing the path to the keychain file. If the keychain file is located on your backup disk, click on the keychain, then press the Delete key.
When prompted, remove the references to the keychain file, not the file. Au lieu de cela, il faut fouiller un peu, exclure des composants, essayer des remplacements, etc. Reformatez le disque dur dans Utilitaire de disque. Remplacez le disque dur. Mais cela ne reste qu'une impression. Videz la corbeille. Chaque dossier de cette liste comporte un triangle d'expansion, comme dans le Finder.
Toutefois, cela ne signifie pas que CCC doit le supprimer de la destination, p. Cependant, vous souhaitez sauvegarder uniquement les fruits autres que les agrumes. Les deux ensembles d'exclusion s'appliqueront. Si CCC ne peut pas lire un fichier sur le volume source, toute sauvegarde existante de ce fichier restera intacte sur le volume de sauvegarde et CCC signalera une erreur, vous conseillant de remplacer le fichier source par la version de sauvegarde intacte.
Here we describe the most common conditions that affect backup performance, and offer some suggestions for mitigating the effects of those conditions. Reduce the number of files considered for backup CCC analyzes all of the files that are included in your backup set for consideration to be copied. If you have a particularly high number of files on your source volume, you may want to put some thought into how your files are organized.
For example, if you have a large number of files that never change perhaps some old, completed projects , you can collect these into a folder named "Archives", back it up once, then exclude it from future backups. CCC will not delete excluded items from your destination unless you ask it to using Advanced Settings , so as long as you keep the original on your source volume, you will always have two copies of your archived content. Because these items are excluded from your daily backups, CCC will not spend time or RAM enumerating through those files for changes. Hard drive performance and interface bandwidth Performance will be worse for smaller hard drives e.
You will also get longer copy times when you have lots of small files vs. When you consider purchasing an external hard drive for backup, we recommend enclosures that have multiple interfaces e. Depending on how you use the Firewire or USB interfaces on your Mac, you may find that you get better performance or reliability when trying a different interface on your external backup disk. Additionally, if your source volume is nearly full, we recommend that you replace it with a larger hard drive to avoid the performance implications of filesystem fragmentation.
Spotlight Indexing Anything that causes CCC to compete for bandwidth to your source or destination volume will increase the amount of time that it takes to back up your data. Spotlight indexing is one such process that CCC typically must compete with for disk bandwidth.
As you copy new data to your destination volume, for example, Spotlight wants to read those "new" files so it can index their contents. Having a Spotlight index of your backup volume may be unnecessary as you probably want to search for files only on your source volume.
To disable Spotlight indexing on a volume that is dedicated to backup, drag the icon of the destination volume into the "Privacy" tab of Spotlight Preference Pane in the System Preferences application. If you do want the backup volume indexed, drag its icon out of the "Privacy" tab after the cloning and indexing will start immediately. Find and replace corrupted files CCC offers an advanced option to "Find and replace corrupted files". When using this option, CCC will reread every file on the source and every file on the destination, calculating a checksum of each file.
CCC then compares these checksums to see if a file should be recopied. We recommend limiting the use of this option to weekly or monthly tasks, and scheduling such tasks to run when you are not typically using your Mac. Other applications and conditions that can lead to performance problems Over the years we have received numerous queries about poorer performance than what is expected. Careful analysis of the system log and Activity Monitor will usually reveal the culprit. Here are some things that we usually look for: Other backup software copying simultaneously to the same volume, a different volume on the same disk, or across the same interface as CCC's destination.
Utilities that watch filesystem activity and do things when file changes are detected. Antivirus software is a common culprit, but we have also seen problems caused by other watcher applications, such as memeod and Western Digital's SmartWare. Daisy chaining Firewire devices is usually OK, though some enclosures can stall the entire Firewire bus when given too much bandwidth.
If you see this behavior, try switching the order of devices in the chain, or attach your backupo disk directly to a Firewire port on your Mac. Using a wireless network connection to connect to a network volume. If you're seeing poor performance with a wireless connection, compare the performance when using a wired ethernet connection.
You will also see dramatically better results if you back up to a disk image on a network volume rather than backing up directly to that network volume. Use the Console application to view the contents of the system log. If you're still having trouble identifying a performance problem, we're here to help. CCC offers some advice around enabling encryption in the Disk Center. Enabling encryption on a volume that contains or will contain an installation of OS X If your goal is to create a bootable, encrypted backup, use the following procedure: 1.
Follow CCC's documentation to properly format the destination volume. Do not format the volume as encrypted. Use CCC to back up your startup disk to the unencrypted destination volume. Open the Startup Disk preference pane and restart your Mac from backup volume. Reboot your Mac it will reboot from the backup volume. Open the Startup Disk preference pane and restart your Mac from your production startup volume. Configure CCC for regular backups to your encrypted backup volume. Note: Mac firmware cannot "see" FileVault-protected volumes larger than 2.
If attaching the disk to your Mac via Firewire or Thunderbolt is not an option, create a 2TB partition at the beginning of the external disk to work around this limitation. Note: You do not have to wait for the conversion process to complete before using the backup disk. Additionally, you do not have to remain booted from the backup disk for the conversion process to complete. You can simply enable FileVault encryption, then immediately reboot from your primary startup disk and the conversion process will carry on in the background.
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Encryption will continue as long as the backup disk is attached. OS X doesn't offer a convenient method to see conversion progress, but you can type diskutil cs list in the Terminal application to see conversion progress. Enabling encryption on a volume that will not contain an installation of OS X If your backup volume won't be a bootable backup of OS X, simply right-click on that volume in the Finder and choose the option to encrypt the volume. The contents of this list were determined based on Apple recommendations and years of experience. The following is a list of the items that are excluded along with an explanation of why they are excluded.
Filesystem implementation details. These items should never, ever be manipulated by third-party programs. Volume-specific preferences. Feedback on the exclusion of these items is welcome. Because they are volume-specific preferences, the exclusion of these items from a day-to-day backup seems most appropriate. Apple-proprietary data stores. Attempting to copy these data stores without unmounting the source and destination is not only futile, it will likely corrupt them and their respective apps will reject them and recreate them.
The Versions database stored in this folder contains references to the inode of each file that is under version control. File inodes are volume-specific, so this dataset will have no relevance on a cloned volume. The caches must be regenerated on the new volume as the on-disk location of system files and applications will have changed. OS X automatically regenerates the contents of these folders when CCC is finished updating the backup volume. NetBootX In the unlikely event that your Macintosh is booted from a Network device, OS X will store local modifications to the filesystem in this folder.
These local modifications are not stored in a restorable format, therefore should not be backed up. In general, you should not attempt to back up a NetBooted Mac. These should not be backed up, they are dynamically created every time you start the machine. The contents of these files is never accurate for the destination volume, so given the kernel's unruly behavior with copies of these files, CCC excludes them. According to the quotacheck man page, these files should be regenerated every time a quota-enabled volume is mounted e. Depending on how you use OS X and your hardware configuration, this could be more than 50GB of data, and all of it changes from one hour to the next.
Having this data for a full-disk restore does you absolutely no good — it makes the backup and restore processes take longer and the files get deleted the next time you boot OS X. Trashes Moving an item to the trash is typically considered to be an indication that you are no longer interested in retaining that item. If you feel strongly that CCC should not exclude the contents of the Trash by default, your feedback is welcome. Time Machine uses proprietary filesystem devices that Apple explicitly discourages third-party developers from using. Additionally, Apple does not support using a cloned Time Machine volume and recommends instead that you start a new Time Machine backup on the new disk.
When corruption occurs within these local data stores, OS X moves the corrupted items into the folders indicated above. OS X doesn't report these corrupted items to you, nor does it attempt to remove them. CCC can't copy the corrupted items, because they're corrupted. The kacta and kactd files, for example, are created by antivirus software and placed into a special type of sandbox that makes them unreadable by any application other than the antivirus software.
The last two items can be found in each user home folder. Excluding these items prevents the applications that were open during the backup task from opening when you boot from the backup volume. This seems appropriate considering that Apple intends the feature to be used to open the applications that were in use when you log out, restart or shutdown, not at an arbitrary point during the backup task.
CCC offers the option to run shell scripts before and after a backup task, unmount or set the destination as the startup disk, run another CCC backup task, and power management options such as restart and shutdown. If you would like to perform any of these pre or post clone tasks, click on the "Use Advanced Settings" button at the bottom of of CCC's window. Mounting the source or destination volume before a backup task begins Without any additional configuration, CCC will attempt to mount your source and destination volumes before a backup task begins. This applies to many different volume types — ordinary volumes on locally-attached hard drives, disk images, network volumes, and encrypted volumes.
If your source or destination volume is on a disk that is physically attached to your Mac e. If your source or destination is a network volume, CCC will obtain the credentials that you use to mount that device when you create the backup task, and will use those credentials to mount the volume before the task begins.
This also applies for nested volumes. For example, suppose you are backing up to a disk image on a network volume. Likewise, suppose you have a task configured to back up the contents of a folder on an encrypted volume. If you have saved the encrypted volume's passphrase in CCC's keychain, CCC will unlock and mount the encrypted volume before the backup task begins. CCC's attempts to mount the source and destination volumes occur automatically before any other tasks, including pre clone shell scripts described below , therefore it is not necessary to implement a shell script to pre-mount the source or destination.
Performing automated tasks before and after copying files Destination volume options If you would like CCC to unmount your destination volume at the end of the backup task, choose "Unmount the destination volume" from the Destination volume management menu. If your destination is a folder, the text will be "Unmount the underlying volume".
If the destination is a disk image, CCC always unmounts the disk image volume, so this setting refers to the underlying physical volume upon which the disk image resides. CCC will not forcefully unmount the destination volume. If an application has open files on the destination volume, CCC's attempt to unmount the volume will fail. CCC does not report this as an error, though it will make a note of it in the task's history. If you would like to set the destination volume as the startup disk, for example to automate the regular testing of your backup volume, choose "Set as the startup disk" from the Destination volume management menu.
We do not recommend disabling System Integrity Protection to make this feature work, rather we recommend that you use the Startup Disk Preference Pane to change the startup disk selection. Instead, the system will perform as defined by the settings in the Energy Saver preference pane. For example, if you have the system configured to idle sleep after 20 minutes, the system will go to sleep if there hasn't been any user activity in the last 20 minutes.
CCC activity is not considered user activity, so often the system will go to sleep immediately after CCC finishes a backup task. If you choose one of the options from the Power management menu, CCC will reboot or shut down your Mac when the backup task finishes. The reboot and shutdown options are not forceful. If you have a document open with unsaved modifications, for example, the application would prompt you to save the document. If a save dialog is not attended to, the shutdown or reboot request will time out. Turn off the computer if it was previously off If your backup task is scheduled to run on a regular basis, this option will be enabled in the Power Management popup menu.
This option is applicable if you would like to have CCC shut down your Mac at the end of the task, but only in cases where the Mac was booted at the task's scheduled run time. If your backup task runs when the system has been on for a while or has been sleeping, CCC will not shut down the Mac when using this option. Power Management options are ignored in some cases Power management options will not be applied to backup tasks that are cancelled e. Additionally, power management tasks will not be applied if other CCC backup tasks are running or queued to run immediately after the current task finishes running.
Power Management options are applied regardless of task success Power management options will be applied whether the backup task completes successfully or not. Run another backup task task chaining If you have more than one CCC backup task configured, the other tasks will be listed in this popup menu. To create a task chain, simply choose one of these tasks to have that task run automatically after the current task finishes. Tasks run in this manner will start after the current task has finished completely.
Chained tasks will run regardless of the exit status of a preceding task in the chain, e. Running shell scripts before and after the backup task If there is functionality that you need that does not exist within CCC, pre and post clone shell scripts may be the solution for you. Pre clone shell scripts run after CCC has performed "sanity" checks e. Post-clone shell scripts run after CCC has finished copying files and performing its own internal cleanup, but before unmounting any volumes.
CCC passes several parameters to pre and post clone shell scripts. Second parameter The path to the destination volume or folder. If the destination is a disk image, this is the path to the mounted disk image. Third parameter The contents of this parameter has changed since CCC 3, so take care to update the logic in any shell scripts that you used with earlier versions of CCC.
Pre clone script: The underlying mountpoint for the volume that holds the destination disk image, if applicable. Post clone script: The exit status of the file copying phase of the backup task. Fourth parameter The path to the destination disk image, if applicable. The contents of this parameter has changed since CCC 3, so take care to update the logic in any shell scripts that you used with earlier versions of CCC. If your pre clone script exits with a non-zero exit status, it will cause CCC to abort the backup task.
This can be used to your advantage if you want to apply preconditions to your backup operation. If you want to be certain that errors in your pre clone shell script never cause the backup task to be aborted, add "exit 0" to the end of your script. If your script should behave differently depending on the result of the task, you can test whether the third parameter is zero an exit status of "0" means the task ended successfully. For example:! Security implications of pre and post clone shell scripts CCC's pre and post clone shell scripts are executed as the System Administrator.
To prevent nonadministrative users from making unauthorized modifications to your shell scripts, you should restrict which users have write access to these scripts and to the folder in which they are contained. The parent folder and scripts should be writable only by the owner e. You can plug in the path to any audio file of your liking or try one of the examples included.
If you want to eject the destination device, use this post clone script instead. Note that ejecting the destination device will unmount all volumes on the device. This delay can be adjusted if necessary by editing the script.
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Use this script, for example, to indicate that a task should run only on weekdays and only between 9AM and 5PM. If the task tries to run at a time outside this time window e. Note:To apply this script globally to all of your backup tasks, click on Preferences in CCC's toolbar, then click on Advanced, then specify this script as the Preflight shell script. This is useful if you want to create snapshots of the source in disk image files for posterity.
Note that this will cause CCC to create a new disk image during every backup task, and recopy everything from the source each time. Additional notes for configuring this post clone script are available in the script header. Use this in lieu of one of the Power Management postflight options if you prefer the power management action does not occur when a task ends with errors e. Open these scripts in a text editor to define the application that should be quit or opened.
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If you need to restore a single file, you can copy it directly from your backup volume in the Finder. CCC is not required to gain access to your data. If you have a larger restore need, though, CCC is ready to help make the restore process as easy as it was to back up in the first place. Restoring non-system files The restore process is virtually identical to the backup process.
The notable differences are that you will probably be restoring a smaller subset of files than what you backed up, and that you may want to indicate that files newer on the original volume shouldn't be overwritten by potentially older versions on your backup.
Launch CCC and create a new task 2. Select Choose a folder Select Choose a folder from the Destination selector and choose a folder on your original source volume as the destination 4. Click the Clone button Note: If you choose your startup disk as the destination volume directly rather than choosing a folder on that volume , CCC will impose a protective filter on system files and folders. It wouldn't be a good idea to overwrite or delete system files on the OS that you're booted from, so this isn't something that CCC will allow. If you need to restore system items or items in the Applications folder, we recommend that you boot from the backup volume before attempting to restore.
When you want to access the contents of that filesystem, you double-click on the disk image to mount the disk image as if it were an external drive attached to the machine. To back up to a new disk image: 1. Choose your source volume from the Source selector Choose "New disk image If you want a read-only disk image for archival purposes, set the image format to one of the read-only formats. To back up to an existing disk image, select "Choose disk image In general, sparse disk images only consume as much space as the files they contain consume on disk, making this an ideal format for storing backups.
A sparse bundle may be desirable if the underlying filesystem upon which you save the disk image has a file size limitation such as FAT Sparseimage and sparsebundle disk images will automatically grow, but they will not automatically shrink Sparseimages and sparsebundle disk images grow as you add data to them.
They do not, however, automatically shrink when files are deleted from them. As a result, the amount of disk space that the disk image file consumes will not necessarily reflect the amount of data that they consume. To reclaim disk space that is occupied by the free space on your sparsebundle disk image, drop the disk image file onto this application: Compact Sparse disk images.
Be sure to unmount the disk image volume if it is already mounted. Also, note that the compacting process can take a while e. Whether to choose read-only versus read-only compressed comes down to time and space. If your destination is tight on space and you have a bit of extra time, you can compress the disk image. Compression rates vary on the content of your source, but you can typically expect to reduce the size of your disk image by about half when using compression. In this case, you will actually need twice the space on your destination as the items to be copied consume on the source.
Encrypting disk images If any of the data that you are backing up is sensitive, and if your backup device may be in an insecure location, encrypted disk images can improve the security of your backup. To create an encrypted disk image, select one of the encryption levels from the Encryption menu. After you click on the OK button, you will be prompted to specify a passphrase for the new disk image, and CCC will give you an opportunity to save the passphrase in your own keychain.
CCC will also store the passphrase in a private keychain so the disk image can be mounted automatically during scheduled backup tasks. This intermediate disk image file is deleted once the final, read-only, encrypted disk image has been created, but it is not shredded. Take this into consideration when choosing your destination media. If the destination may be placed in an insecure location, use Disk Utility to securely erase free space on the underlying destination volume after you have created your encrypted disk image archive.
Running a backup task whose destination is a disk image on the startup disk If you specify a disk image that resides on your startup disk as the destination to a scheduled task, CCC will impose some more conservative requirements on this task. To proceed with this configuration, one of the following requirements must be met: The amount of free space on the startup disk is at least 1GB larger than the amount of consumed space on the source volume.
The disk image won't grow, e. These requirements avoid a scenario in which the startup disk runs out of free space, causing instability on OS X. If you cannot accommodate the free space requirement, we recommend that you create a. Disk Utility will pre-allocate exactly as much space as you request, and CCC will gladly use this disk image without fear of filling up the startup disk. Most filesystems support this file control, but the SMB file sharing protocol does not. As a result, if you attempt to connect to a sharepoint, Finder will use SMB to establish that connection unless you explicitly specify AFP as the protocol to use.
In this configuration, a sparse bundle disk image will not work, and CCC will issue an error. To avoid this error, connect to the sharepoint explicitly using AFP: 1. Eject the network volume if it is currently mounted 2. Choose "Connect to server" from the Finder's Go menu 3. When your computer writes a file out to the hard drive, the data usually goes to a "write buffer" — a small portion of RAM that is installed on the circuit board of the hard drive.
By accumulating smaller write operations onto this RAM chip, the hard drive can increase overall write performance by writing large blocks of cached data to the physical media all at once. While this write buffer improves performance, it also carries a risk. If the power fails or the disk's connection to the computer is suddenly broken between the time that data was written to the buffer and when the buffer is flushed to the disk, your filesystem will have an inconsistency.
Filesystem journaling typically mitigates this risk, however it doesn't offer enough protection for Apple's sparsebundle disk image type. In Mac OS To provide better protection for data on sparsebundle disk images, Apple disabled support on Mac OS You are likely to encounter this error condition if your sparse bundle disk image is hosted on a preMac OS When you encounter this error, copy the sparsebundle disk image to another network sharepoint, or ask CCC to create a new sparseimage disk image file sparseimage disk images are not the same as sparsebundle disk images.
Double-click on the disk image file to mount its filesystem, then navigate the filesystem in the Finder to access individual files and folders. If you have the permission to access the files that you would like to restore, simply drag those items to the volume that you would like to restore them to. Restoring individual items or an entire disk image to another hard drive using CCC While you cannot boot OS X from a disk image directly, you can restore the disk image to a volume. When you use CCC to restore the disk image to a volume, the resulting restored volume will be bootable assuming that you had initially backed up a bootable system.
To restore files or an entire filesystem from a disk image: 1. Launch CCC 2. Select "Restore from disk image CCC will mount the disk image for you. Choose a volume from the Destination selector. You may choose the startup disk as a destination, but CCC will not permit you to restore system files to the currently-running OS. If you do not want to restore everything, choose "Selected files Click the Clone button. The files will be restored to their original locations. Restoring system files to your startup disk If you want to restore system files to your startup disk, you must start up your Macintosh from an installation of OS X on another hard drive, such as a bootable backup created by CCC.
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Once you have booted your Mac from another volume, follow the steps from the previous section. Restoring system files to your startup disk when you don't have a bootable backup If you do not have an installation of OS X on another hard drive, you can boot your Mac from your OS X Recovery volume and use Disk Utility to restore the entire disk image: 1. Choose "Disk Utility" in the Utilities application 3.
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From the File menu, choose "Open Disk Image In the list in the pane on the left, click on the mounted disk image's volume 5. Click on the "Restore" tab on the right side of the window 6. Drag the mounted disk image to the Source field. If the Source field does not accept the dragged volume, right-click on the disk image's mounted volume and choose "Set as source" from the contextual menu.
Drag the hard drive that you would like to restore to into the "Destination" field 8. Check the box to erase the destination if present , then click on the Restore button. Restart your Mac from your newly restored volume, then use CCC to restore the Recovery HD volume from the archive on your startup disk. Simply mount the disk image, then open Migration Assistant and proceed as directed, using the mounted disk image as the source. Note that Migration Assistant will only accept a disk image that has a full system backup, it will not accept a disk image that has only user data.
Migration Assistant and Mavericks or Yosemite On Mavericks and Yosemite, Migration Assistant will ask that you close all applications, and it will then log you out before presenting migration options. This poses a problem for migrating data from a disk image because the disk image will be unmounted when you are logged out, and Migration Assistant doesn't offer any interface to choose a disk image. To work around this problem, you can use our Mount disk image for Migration Assistant application.
Simply drag the disk image containing your full system backup onto the application and it will guide you through a fairly simple procedure that will make the disk image available to Migration Assistant after a short delay. CCC makes bootable backups specifically to avoid this kind of situation. When you have a bootable backup, you simply boot from that, then restore everything to a replacement disk or the original disk. One step, minimal time, couldn't be easier. Occasionally people get into this sticky situation though -- I have a backup of everything in a disk image or in a folder on the backup volume, there's a clean installation of OS X on my replacement disk, now how do I get everything back to the way that it was before?
The first thing that you need to do is make a boot volume that is not the volume you want to restore to. Once you have done that, you can boot from that volume and then do a complete restore of your backup to the replacement disk. There are several options for how and where you create this other bootable volume. You could also create a new partition on your replacement disk and clone the fresh installation of OS X to that. The steps below attempt to make very few assumptions about the resources you'll have in this scenario: a You have a fresh installation of OS X on a hard drive and b you have your backup in a folder or disk image on some other disk.
Given those assumptions, here is how we recommend that you proceed. Create a new partition on your replacement disk 1. Open the Disk Utility application and click on the disk icon that represents your internal hard drive. Don't click on the Macintosh HD icon, click on the one above that. Click on the Partition tab. Set the size of the new partition to 15GB and name it something like Rescue. Click the Apply button. This video describes the same procedure albeit in a slightly different context.
Open Carbon Copy Cloner and create a new task. Choose your current startup disk as the source. Choose the Rescue volume as the destination. If you aren't working from a fresh installation of OS X, choose Selected files Boot from the Rescue volume and restore your data to the replacement disk 1. Once restarted from the Rescue volume, attach the backup volume to your Mac and open the Carbon Copy Cloner application.
If your data is backed up in a folder, choose Choose a folder Otherwise, choose Restore from a disk image Choose your Macintosh HD volume as the destination. Reboot from your restored volume and clean up 1. Open the Startup Disk Preference Pane, set the restored volume as the startup disk, then click on the Restart button. They were bogus on the face of them. Many others — including the online grocery and dog food sellers — bit the dust. It first appeared in the academic management literature in , and over the next 19 years was cited only times.
In short, the dotcom era popularized — and trivialized — an important idea that today is even more crucial, since software and telecommunications technologies have fundamentally altered price and performance equations in many business sectors. Almost unknown outside Japan, the remarkable Mr. Sakai founded several dozen successful manufacturing companies, then wrote a series of books describing bunsha, his overarching business method bunsha refers to spinning off growing operations into new companies before they become too big; today we would call it intrapreneurship.
But I digress. Apart from his stunning insights into entrepreneurship and Japanese manufacturing, what I really love about Mr. Sakai is his enthusiastic, jovial embrace of contradiction. Occasionally one of my listeners will point out that what I have said at the end of a speech contradicts something I said at the beginning. Or that what I said on Wednesday contradicts something I said on Monday. Or that what I wrote last week contradicts something I wrote ten years ago … every now and then I run across somebody who intends this comment as a criticism of my whole system.
The implication is that because my ideas seem contradictory, they must be worthless. But, he asks, should this stop us from living our lives? To me, the whole world is full of contradictions and so it is only natural that human beings are full of contradictions. Any system of ideas that is logically perfect in every place and time belongs in the world of mathematics, not the world of people.
What a relief to hear such an accomplished person say this! And do not try to be consistent, for what is true to you today may not be true at all tomorrow, because you see a better truth. You may also enjoy:. Omi listened expressionlessly, then replied shortly, watching the unwavering barrels. If Lady Mariko's seppuku is wasted, then then we'll help those ladies into the Void and begin the killing. This on-purpose disfunctionality is squarely aimed at parents concerned that children will view objectionable Web sites or become victims of online bullying.
Not long ago I read an article predicting that future elites by which I presume the writer meant subjects of Wired magazine features, etc. That prediction is already coming true, at least here in the Clark household. While buying a new cell phone recently, I paid to remain unconnected to the Internet the prognostication about a disconnected future is supported by my kids, who consider my buying a cell phone a leading indicator that mobile devices will soon be uncool.
Yes, in submitting to what I consider the electronic equivalent of putting a bell on a cat collar, I bought a new handset and service package from a strange and wonderful company here in Portland called Consumer Cellular. Consumer Cellular has an intriguing, highly-differentiated approach to selling mobile telephone services. For one thing, its service descriptions are clear and easy to understand. This it is completely out of step with the rest of the industry.
And when I called them, a nice lady who seemed to enjoy her job immediately answered the phone, and was able to quickly answer my questions. This impressed me so that I promptly ordered one of their phones. Imagine a cellular company that believes looking at the world is more interesting than staring at a phone. I will use my phone only when necessary. I will look at the world instead of tiny buttons. I will call for directions before starting the car. I will spend in-person minutes with my friends and family.
Now, how about sponsoring us over here at Soul Shelter? And come to think of it, why not hold off on the Web services? Surely there are more technology grumps like me out there willing to pay to remain disconnected …. That was the beginning of the end of bureaucorporate life for me. I figured staying honest was better than slow brainwashing with organizational newspeak. So imagine my delight when, thanks to author and Presentation Zen meister Garr Reynolds , I read a book that begins with the following line, a truth after my own soul:. In their delightful book, Why Business People Speak like Idiots , authors Fugere, Hardaway, and Warshawsky take on the important — and excruciatingly funny — job of clarifying, demystifying, and, well, de-bullshitizing the language of the workplace.
Here are their three main points:. Businesses focus on themselves over readers Too often businesses aim to impress, not to inform, say the Idiots authors. Business people fear concrete language Businesses like to avoid commitment, and therefore liability, say Fugere et al.
Speakers and writers who want to avoid saying anything use a lot of words to say nothing, the authors write. The result? Readers recognize the B. All of this romanticizing keeps the business world from talking about work and instead allows business idiots to pretend to be secret agents and quarterbacks. Second, I freely acknowledge that business is boring. And third, because being an entrepreneur is not dull, and many students hope eventually to extricate themselves from soul-crushing labor as salaried employees to hear the flip side of this coin, see In Praise of Salaried Employment.
Plain talk is soul-affirming. Procure a volume today to ascertain whether your personal value proposition might be enhanced through application of the value-added paradigms proposed by Fugere, et al. At the very least, please subscribe to the e-mail version of Soul Shelter. Are they demographically different from unsuccessful entrepreneurs? Or is it all due to individual differences? Good question. Those who launched software companies between and , for example, were times more likely to have their startups join the Inc. Deliberately choosing a higher-growth sector, such as healthcare or education, is a smart first move see J.
If you work in the restaurant industry, for example, you should not become an entrepreneur — unless you are extremely talented and savvy about both your niche and the industry as a whole. Consider switching industries first. But start by getting a job in the new sector, rather than launching a new venture in unfamiliar territory. But most successful new companies focus on selling to other businesses rather than to consumers they are business-to-business, or b-to-b, rather than business-to-consumer, or b-to-c, ventures.
Because businesses tend to make rational purchase decisions. Consumers, on the other hand, can be, well, downright irrational in their purchasing habits, at least compared to businesses. Marketing to consumers can be far more difficult, and you must often depend on retailers or distributors to reach them. Keep in mind that these are simply guidelines, and that every day some entrepreneurs successfully ignore these principles.
But why not let the facts improve your odds? This essay first appeared as a guest post at Get Rich Slowly in a slightly different form. Featherweight tools require no booting, help convert thought directly into analog signals. In my entrepreneurship courses, I insist on using the most innovative tools available. So, imagine a featherweight handheld word processing device HWPD that requires no booting up and actually helps convert thought directly into analog signals. Imagine, too, an analog data transmission module ADTM —even lighter than the HWPD—that fits in a shirt pocket, and, like its word processing counterpart, is completely device-independent.
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